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Looking for more information on horse breeds or colour genetics? This page gives an overview of interesting sources, many of which we've used ourselves.

Books on colour genetics

Below is a list of books we've read ourselves and which may be of interest to readers of this wikia.

  • Gower, J. De Kleur van het Paard. Bosch & Keuning. 2002, 1st edition. (Original: Horse Colour Explained, 1999)
  • Kathman, L. The Equine Tapestry: Volume I - Draft and Coaching Breeds. Blackberry Lane Publishing. 2012, 1st edition.
  • Kathman, L. The Equine Tapestry: An Introduction to Colors and Patterns. Blackberry Lane Publishing. 2014, 1st edition.
  • Reißmann, M. Die Farben der Pferde: Genetik - Klassifizierung - Charakteristik. Cadmus Verlag. 2009, 1st edition.
  • Sponenberg, D. Equine Color Genetics. Wiley-Blackwell. 2009, 3rd edition.
  • Wiersema, J.K. Het Paard in zijn Kleurenrijkdom. Zuidgroep B.V. Uitgevers. 1977, 1st edition.

Books on horses in general

  • Pickeral, T. The Majesty of the Horse. Barron's Educational Series, Inc. 2011, 1st edition.
  • Westerman, F. Dier, bovendier. Uitgeverij Atlas. 2010, 2nd edition.

Scientific papers

Scientific papers are written by scientists who are engaged in research. They publish their work and findings in so-called journals. Below is a list of several interesting papers on horse colour genetics. A few of these are available for free, but most require a subscription.

Splashed white

  • Haase, B. et al. (2013) Accumulating mutations in series of haplotypes at the KIT and MITF loci are major determinants of white markings in Franches-Montagnes horses. PLoS One, 8(9):1-10, e75071. Free access
  • Hauswirth, R. et al. (2012) Mutations in MITF and PAX3 cause “Splashed White” and other white spotting phenotypes in horses. PLoS genetics: 1-9. Free access
  • Hauswirth, R. et al. (2013) Novel variants in the KIT and PAX3 genes in horses with white-spotted coat colour phenotypes. Animal Genetics, short communication, 44(6):763-765.

KIT and white mutations

  • Haase, B. et al. (2007) Allelic Heterogeneity at the Equine KIT locus in Dominant White (W) horses. PLoS genetics, 3:2102-2108. Free access
  • Haase, B. et al. (2013) Accumulating mutations in series of haplotypes at the KIT and MITF loci are major determinants of white markings in Franches-Montagnes horses. PLoS One, 8(9):1-10, e75071. Free access
  • Hauswirth, R. et al. (2013) Novel variants in the KIT and PAX3 genes in horses with white-spotted coat colour phenotypes. Animal Genetics, short communication, 44(6):763-765.
  • Holl, H. et al. (2012) De novo mutation of KIT discovered as a result of a non-hereditary white coat colour pattern. Animal Genetics, 41 (Suppl. 2): 196–198. Free access

Grey

  • Henner, J. et al. (2002) Genetic mapping of the (G)-locus, responsible for the coat colour phenotype "progressive greying with age" in horses (Equus caballus). Mammalian Genome, 13: 535-537.
  • Locke, M.M. et al. (2002) Linkage of the grey coat colour locus to microsatellites on horse chromosome 25. Animal Genetics, 33: 329-337.
  • Pielberg, G. et al. (2005) Comparative linkage mapping of the Grey coat colour gene in horses. Animal Genetics, 36: 390-395.
  • Pielberg, G.R. et al. (2008) A cis-acting regulatory mutation causes premature hair graying and susceptibility to melanoma in the horse. Nature Genetics, 40: 1004-1009.
  • Swinburne, J.E. et al. (2002) Assignment of the horse grey coat colour gene to ECA25 using whole genome scanning. Animal Genetics, 33: 338-342.

Cream dilution

  • Locke, M.M. et al. (2001) The cream dilution gene, responsible for the palomino and buckskin coat colours, maps to horse chromosome 21. Animal Genetics, 32:340-343.
  • Mariat, D. et al. (2003) A mutation in the MATP gene causes the cream coat colour in the horse. Genet. Sel. Evol., 35:119-133. Free access

Silver dilution

  • Brunberg, E. et al. (2006) A missense mutation in PMEL17 is associated with the Silver coat color in horses. BMC Genetics, 7:46.
  • Campana, M.G. et al (2011). Animal Genetics: Genetic stability in the Icelandic horse breed. Stichting International Foundation for Animal Genetics, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2052.2011.02266.x

Internet pages

The site loads slowly, but is a lot of fun for anyone who likes to learn colour genetics playfully: http://www.jenniferhoffman.net/horse/extension.html

Blog of Lesli Kathman, writer of the Equine Tapestry books: http://equinetapestry.com/

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